Website Hosting and Its Features

By John Wallace
Meta: Within the fierce rise of the Internet, the concept of website hosting becomes familiar that most people who are interested in IT know about.  So what is website hosting, what are the features of this service?

You are thinking of creating a website for your own and you want to make sure that everything is stored safely, and visitors can access your site as much as possible. Web hosting service is the solution for your website building and hosting. So what is exactly website hosting and what are the features of web hosting. Let’s discover.

What is website hosting?

Every website has a host; when you visit that website, you are actually accessing the host containing the website.

Website hosting is a service done on the Internet which enables customers who are invididuals or organizations to build their website so that it is accessible via the World Wide Web. Website hosting is provided by web hosts that possess their own servers and lease for use to their clients. Website hosting service will include providing Internet connectivity in a data center, server service for customers.
Web hosting service works on the principle that it is possible to store data files from personal websites to high-powerd computers connected to the global Internet. The files can be HTML or CSS files, media files or etc. However, remember that in order for your website to be online a domain name is required.

Imagine it as the address of your own home, if someone wants to access your home, here we know it’s your website, you will have to give them your website address. When people type in a Web address, the global internet system connects to the Web server containing the Website data and transfers the Website information back to the PC. Thanks to this mechanism, people can experience the website as they wish.

Why do we need website hosting?

When you want to make your own website that is called your own literally,  it is necessary to invest in web hosting.

When hiring Web Hosting service, you are using the service to store web content, mail services or FTP.The computers from web hosting service always have a fixed IP address. These computers are different from your computer in that if you visit Internet as usual through the Internet Service Provider (IPS), the IP address of your computer is always changed.So, to make your website known to the user, you need Web Hosting to store data files and to ensure that Internet users will be accessible from any computer.
Here are some of the reasons why you need web hosting:

1. To have control

When you have your own website that you pay for hosting service, there is less risk as your website remains stable if you ask for no change. If you create a website on a free platform such as Tumblr, you will have to bear the risk of losing your website sometimes as these free platforms require  a lot of agrements on terms and conditions. If, accidentially, you violate one of the site rules, your website might confront removal.  Well, if you have posted a lot of data and information on that or you are selling something on that website, the risk is high as you might lose you visitors.

2. To customize it as you wish

You can be able to customize your website if using web hosting service as you pay for it. When you use a free website creator, you will not be able to change your website or expand it as these platforms set up co-branding and you use the branding with the free host.

3. To ensure safety

When hiring web hosting service, you will be able to manage the security for your site as you are able to access the CMS or other security tools to make sure that your site is highly protected. Moreover, there are many web hosts provide 24/7 supports which will help you a lot when you are in need.

Features of website hosting

1. Disk storage

When choosing a web hosting, the main concern should be the amount of storage that you can use for storing your data. There are hosts providing serval gigabytes of storage; a lot of other web hosts give unlimited storage.  It is recommended that you choose a host that defines clear limits of storage and combine that with your need so that you can measure your cost to pay.

2. Domain name

A part that is integral with a website is the domain name. It makes your website to be displayed on the Internet rather than conventional IP protocols.

In relation to Web Hosting, Domain Name makes Website easier to display on the Internet than through traditional IP (Internet Protocol) protocols. Domain Name is also the name representing the IP.

When hiring web hosting, you should be noticing whether the web host let you host many domains or not. Normally, there will be a limit on the number of domans per each account.

3. Bandwidth

During your process of choosing a web host, you should care about the bandwidth together with storage space. Bandwidth is the amount of data that it takes to upload or download within a given month. For example, if your website has 1 megabyte of data, it means that your bandwidth on a monthly basis is 10MB. Assumed that if a vistor come to your site to view all of your site, they download 1MB of data. That means you only have 9 visitors during that mean. There are two ways that it may go after you use up 1MB of data; once is that your host will stop visitor access to your site; and the other way out is they will charge you extra based on the amount of MB.

4. Email accounts

Email accounts can be given by web hosts for your domain. Make sure that you know the number of email accounts you are allowed to create. Also, be aware of that whether the web host has their webmail interface or not.

5. Security mechanism, backup and recovery

With respect to security mechanism, you will have to get to know how server security level is, what kind of servers the web host is using, what security technology is being applied. Additionally, it is necessary to acknowledge how the backup and recoveryis done when problems occur (for traditional physical hosting servers, this issue is critical).

6. Software support

Usually the software manages uploading or downloading data to the user's computer (download), commonly known as Direct Admin, cPanel, Kloxo if it is a Linux server; the hosting server will be Plesk, Ecompak.

7. Compatible source code

Popular source codes are supported (joomla versions, wordpress versions, magento, nukeviet, vbb, xenforo ...). Nowadays, popular source codes can be Drupal, Python, Perl, etc.

8. Programming Compatibility

The vendor's hosting package is compatible with any programming version (ASP, ASP.NET, PHP 5.1, PHP 5.2, ...), old or latestversion (for example PHP 4x or 5x, ASP or ASP.NET ...). And it would be great if the host allows you to customize the programming version as DIGISTAR.

Some notes about hiring website hosting service

- The first requirement is speed. The web hosting you intend to hire needs to have a configuration large enough to ensure consistency during the time with large numbers of visitors.

- Web Hosting must be regularly maintained, updated by the system administrator to avoid technical risks as well as negative security issues.

- Depending on the content and quality of the Website, when hiring Web Hosting you have to choose appropriate Web Hosting which is capable of storing full information, data for your site.

- Based on the nature of the website you want, you can build estimates for the amount of traffic of Website and its bandwidthto ensure good service transactions, exchange of data.

- Web Hosting must support FTP server access to update information.

- Support programming languages as well as databases for executing software on the Internet or writing tools should be available to serve transaction activities on the website such as upload via web, send mail, manage products, news

- Web Hosting supports full E-mail services such as POP3 E-mail, E-mail Forwarding, DNS

- Have Web Hosting Management interface to easily manage website, FTP accounts, Email, etc.

- Web Hosting is not inserted the banner of the vendor.